Late 13th-mid 14th century
Sant (the Hindi word for saint) Soyarabai was born in Maharastra, India, into the then-“Untouchable” Mahar caste. She was more famously known as the wife of the “Untouchable” saint and poet, Chokhamela, of whom she was a disciple. She wrote and sung abhangas (a kind of devotional poetry written in Marathi for the Hindu God Vithoba), addressed to God, on the subjects of patriarchy, poverty, and the ill-treatment of lower castes by the upper classes (particularly by Brahmins). She belonged to the schools of mysticism, Dalit poetry, and the Varkari tradition.
Poetry, Devotional Poetry
Sonagra, Vidula. “Sant Soyarabai: The Untouchable Saint-Poet Who Sang Against Brahminical Patriarchy | #IndianWomenInHistory” Feminism in India, March 15 2017; https://feminisminindia.com/2017/03/15/sant-soyarabai-essay; “Avagha Rang Ek Jhala By Sant Soyarabai”; Marathi Kavita Sangh, http://marathikavitasangrah.in/2014/12/sant-soyarabai-santwani-संतवाणी.html; “Sant Soyarabai”, Revolvy, https://www.revolvy.com/page/Sant-Soyarabai; Thaosen, Maduli. “The Bhakti Movement and Roots of Indian Feminism”, Feminism in India, 3 April 2017, https://feminisminindia.com/2017/03/15/sant-soyarabai-essay/; “On world poetry day, read Sant Soyrabai, one of India’s earliest feminist poets”, Sabrang, 21 March, 2018, https://sabrangindia.in/article/world-poetry-day-read-sant-soyrabai-one-india’s-earliest-feminist-poets; “Soyarabai’s Abhanga”, Roundtable India, 8 October 2010, http://roundtableindia.co.in/lit-blogs/?p=831.