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Early Women Writers

Hildegard of Bingen



Hildegard of Bingen


Bingen am Rhein, Germany




Hildegard has been called the first German mystic. An abbess who founded new convents, she first began to write her visions down in 1141 at age 42, when the voice she heard in her visions, which she called the "Living Light" and associated with God, ordered her to do so.


Scivias, the Liber vitae meritorum is a psychomachia, De operatione Dei, Physica and the Causae et curae, Ordo virtutum, Life of St. Disibod


Latin; lingua ignota, which is extant as a list of more than nine hundred created words and their German equivalents


Devotional, Science, Music, Encyclopedia, Hagiography

Editions and Translations

The letters of Hildegard of Bingen, translated by Joseph L. Baird, Radd K. Ehrman. (New York : Oxford University Press, 1994); Symphonia: A Critical Edition of the "Symphonia armoniae celestium revelationum, trans. and commentary Barbara Newman (Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press, 1988); Scivias, trans. Mother Columba Hart and Jane Bishop, The Classics of Western Spirituality (New York/Mahwah: Paulist Press, 1990); Illuminations of Hildegard of Bingen, text by Hildegard of Bingen with commentary by Matthew Fox. (Santa Fe, N.M. : Bear & Co., 1985); Hildegard of Bingen : the Book of the rewards of life (Liber vitae meritorum), translated by Bruce W. Hozeski. (New York : Garland Pub., 1994).

Archival Holdings

Villarenser Codex, Miscellaneous mystical texts and chants, including Hildegard of Bingen, Liber Vitae Meritorum and Symphoniae harmoniae caelestium: MS 9. [F. 1r – 121v S] and [ff. 153r-170r], Benedictine Abbey of Dendermonde, Belgium; Liber Diuinorum Operum (Rupertsberg Manuscript): BHSL.HS.0241, Ghent University Library, Belgium;Theological Collective Manuscript containing the works of Hildegard of Bingen:, The State Library of Württemberg, Stuttgart, Germany;
Liber Divonorum Operum; MS 1942, State Library of Lucca, Italy;
Theological Collection contaning works of Hildegard of Benigen: MS 683, Médiathèque du Grand Troyes, Troyes, France;
Fragment of Liber Scivias: 0014/W 2 P.eccl. 676, Ludwig Maximillan Univeristy of Munich, UB University of Munich, Central Library, Germany;
The Prophecies of Saint Hildegard of Bingen concerning the Papists and Clergy...: 0001/4 P.eccl. 222 , UB University of Munich, Central Library, Munich, Germany;
"Wiesbaden Codex or Riesen Codex, The Giant Codex (Hs.2) containing the visionary trilogy (Scivias, Liber vitae meritorum, Liber divinorum operum),
the complete musical works (Symphonia, Ordo virtutum), a collection of Hildegard’s letters (Epistolarium), the linguistic writings (Lingua ignota, Litterae ignotae),
a fragmentary collection of homilies (Expositiones evangeliorum), her biography (Vita Hildegardis) by the monks Gottfried and Theoderich,the letter to the prelates of Mainz (Ad praelatos Moguntinenses), and “letter of the Villarense monks after Hildegard’s death”: BM 3600 FY 29451; Hessian State Library, Wiesbaden, Germany."

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